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Vidare: Figurer Uppåt: Att använda Slackware Linux. Tillbaka: Ordlista.

GNU General Public License.

 

   GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
   
   Version 2, June 1991
   
   Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

   Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of
   this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
   
Preamble

   The licenses for most software are designed to take away your
   freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public
   License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change
   free software--to make sure the software is free for all its
   users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free
   Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose
   authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation
   software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License
   instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.
   
   When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
   price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that
   you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and
   charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code
   or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or
   use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do
   these things.
   
   To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
   anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the
   rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities
   for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify
   it.
   
   For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
   gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights
   that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can
   get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they
   know their rights.
   
   We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software,
   and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to
   copy, distribute and/or modify the software.
   
   Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make
   certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for
   this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and
   passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is
   not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will
   not reflect on the original authors' reputations.
   
   Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software
   patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free
   program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making
   the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear
   that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not
   licensed at all.
   
   The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
   modification follow.
   
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION

    1. This License applies to any program or other work which
       contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may
       be distributed under the terms of this General Public
       License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or
       work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the
       Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to
       say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either
       verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another
       language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without
       limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is
       addressed as "you".

       Activities other than copying, distribution and modification
       are not covered by this License; they are outside its
       scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and
       the output from the Program is covered only if its contents
       constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having
       been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends
       on what the Program does.

    2. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's
       source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you
       conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an
       appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep
       intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the
       absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the
       Program a copy of this License along with the Program.  You may
       charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and
       you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange
       for a fee.

    3. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any
       portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and
       copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms
       of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these
       conditions:

         a. You must cause the modified files to carry prominent
            notices stating that you changed the files and the date of
            any change.

         b. You must cause any work that you distribute or publish,
            that in whole or in part contains or is derived from the
            Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at
            no charge to all third parties under the terms of this
            License.

         c. If the modified program normally reads commands
            interactively when run, you must cause it, when started
            running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way,
            to print or display an announcement including an
            appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no
            warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty) and
            that users may redistribute the program under these
            conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of
            this License. (Exception: if the Program itself is
            interactive but does not normally print such an
            announcement, your work based on the Program is not
            required to print an announcement.)

       These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If
       identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the
       Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and
       separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms,
       do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as
       separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as
       part of a whole which is a work based on the Program, the
       distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License,
       whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire
       whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote
       it.

       Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or
       contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather,
       the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution
       of derivative or collective works based on the Program.

       In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the
       Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program)
       on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring
       the other work under the scope of this License.

    4. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it,
       under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the
       terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one
       of the following:

         a. Accompany it with the complete corresponding
            machine-readable source code, which must be distributed
            under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium
            customarily used for software interchange; or,

         b. Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least
            three years, to give any third party, for a charge no more
            than your cost of physically performing source
            distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the
            corresponding source code, to be distributed under the
            terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily
            used for software interchange; or,

         c. Accompany it with the information you received as to the
            offer to distribute corresponding source code. (This
            alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution
            and only if you received the program in object code or
            executable form with such an offer, in accord with
            Subsection b above.)

       The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work
       for making modifications to it. For an executable work,
       complete source code means all the source code for all modules
       it contains, plus any associated interface definition files,
       plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation
       of the executable. However, as a special exception, the source
       code distributed need not include anything that is normally
       distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major
       components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating
       system on which the executable runs, unless that component
       itself accompanies the executable.  If distribution of
       executable or object code is made by offering access to copy
       from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to
       copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution
       of the source code, even though third parties are not compelled
       to copy the source along with the object code.

    5. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program
       except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt
       otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program
       is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under
       this License. However, parties who have received copies, or
       rights, from you under this License will not have their
       licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full
       compliance.

    6. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not
       signed it.  However, nothing else grants you permission to
       modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These
       actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this
       License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program
       (or any work based on the Program), you indicate your
       acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and
       conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program
       or works based on it.

    7. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on
       the Program), the recipient automatically receives a license
       from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the
       Program subject to these terms and conditions. You may not
       impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of
       the rights granted herein. You are not responsible for
       enforcing compliance by third parties to this License.

    8. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of
       patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited to
       patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court
       order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions
       of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of
       this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy
       simultaneously your obligations under this License and any
       other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not
       distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license
       would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by
       all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through
       you, then the only way you could satisfy both it and this
       License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the
       Program.

       If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable
       under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section
       is intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to
       apply in other circumstances.  It is not the purpose of this
       section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property
       right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this
       section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the
       free software distribution system, which is implemented by
       public license practices. Many people have made generous
       contributions to the wide range of software distributed through
       that system in reliance on consistent application of that
       system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is
       willing to distribute software through any other system and a
       licensee cannot impose that choice.  This section is intended
       to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence
       of the rest of this License.

    9. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in
       certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted
       interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the
       Program under this License may add an explicit geographical
       distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that
       distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus
       excluded.  In such case, this License incorporates the
       limitation as if written in the body of this License.

   10. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new
       versions of the General Public License from time to time. Such
       new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version,
       but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
       Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the
       Program specifies a version number of this License which
       applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of
       following the terms and conditions either of that version or of
       any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If
       the Program does not specify a version number of this License,
       you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software
       Foundation.

   11. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free
       programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to
       the author to ask for permission. For software which is
       copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free
       Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our
       decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free
       status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting
       the sharing and reuse of software generally.

   12. NO WARRANTY

       BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO
       WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
       LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
       HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS"
       WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
       INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
       MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE
       ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS
       WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE
       COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

   13. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
       WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY
       MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
       LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
       INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR
       INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS
       OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED
       BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE
       WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY
       HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
       
   END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
   
How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

   If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
   possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make
   it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under
   these terms.
   
   To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest
   to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
   convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at
   least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice
   is found.
   
   <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it
   does.> Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
   License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307
   USA

   Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper
   mail.
   
   If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like
   this when it starts in an interactive mode:
   
    Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author
    Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type
    `show w'.  This is free software, and you are welcome to
    redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for
    details.

   The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the
   appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the
   commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and
   `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever
   suits your program.
   
   You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or
   your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the
   program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
   
  Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the
  program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by
  James Hacker.
   
  <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
  
   Ty Coon, President of Vice

   This General Public License does not permit incorporating your
   program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine
   library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking
   proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want
   to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this
   License.


next up previous contents
Vidare: Figurer Uppåt: Att använda Slackware Linux. Tillbaka: Ordlista.


Denna översättning ifrån engelskan är utförd av Erik Jonsson <generaldepoten@rambler.ru> efter Slackware Linux Essentials, officiell handbok för Slackware Linux.

Denna översättning tillhandahålles liksom engelskspråkiga originalet enligt villkoren i GNU General Public License (GPL).
Uppgifterna om författarnas och översättarens namn får ej avlägsnas, utplånas eller eljest göras oläsliga.
Förvaras åtkomligt.
Bäst före: senaste ändringsdatum.
Äldre versioner bör förstöras.
Senast ändrad Tue Oct 24 09:36:13 CEST 2000

Hela boken finns här även beredd för utskrift i PDF-filen slwhbk.pdf.

http://www.slackware.com/http://www.sslug.dk/Ser bra ut i vilken vävläsare som helst.


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